Gum grafting is used to correct receding gums. The loss of gum tissue means that roots are becoming exposed, which can lead to increased sensitivity to hot and cold, increase risks of bone tissue loss, increased discomfort, and other issues. Gum recession may be caused by periodontal (gum) disease, improper brushing techniques, grinding or clenching of teeth, and lip and tongue piercings. The risk of gum disease increases if you smoke, have poor oral hygiene, or illnesses such as diabetes.
If excessive gum recession has occurred, gum grafts may be the best option. The procedure involves taking tissue from your palate or a donor source and using it to cover the exposed root. This will restore proper protection to the roots of your teeth.